For example, according to the Constitution of the Kingdom of Italy of 1848, the Statuteo Albertino – the parliamentary approval of the government appointed by the king – was common, but was not prescribed by law. Italy therefore had a de facto code: the lat was promoted to the code: the parliamentary system, but a de jure code: lat was promoted to the code: the “presidential” system. There are also several methods of state succession in the event of removal, obstruction or death of a current head of state. The implementation of executive agreements increased considerably after 1939. Prior to 1940, the U.S. Senate had ratified 800 treaties and presidents had concluded 1,200 executive agreements; From 1940 to 1989, during World War II and the Cold War, presidents signed nearly 800 treaties, but concluded more than 13,000 executive treaties. The President is both head of state, head of the government of the United States of America and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. In accordance with Article II of the Constitution, the President is responsible for the enforcement and enforcement of laws created by Congress. Fifteen executive departments, each headed by an appointed member of the President`s Cabinet, carry out the day-to-day administration of the federal government.
In addition, other executive agencies, such as the CIA and the Environmental Protection Agency, whose leaders are not members of the cabinet, but who are under the full authority of the president. The president also appoints heads of more than 50 independent federal commissions, such as the Federal Reserve Board or the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as federal judges, ambassadors and other federal offices. The Executive Office of the President (EOP) is composed of the direct staff of the President and institutions such as the Office of Management and Budget and the Office of the United States Trade Representative. An example of a Governor General who resigned from the Constitutional Convention by acting unilaterally (i.e. without instructions from ministers, parliaments or monarchs) emerged in 1926, when the Governor General of Canada rejected the formal council of the head of government, which called for the dissolution of Parliament and a general election. In a letter informing the monarch after the event, the Governor General said, “I must wait for the verdict of history to prove that I have taken a wrong course, and I do so with a slight awareness that I have acted, right or wrong, in the interest of Canada and that I have not involved anyone in my decision.” A foreign power can found a branch of its own dynasty, or a branch friendly to its interests. This was the result of the Russo-Swedish War from 1741 to 1743, during which the Russian Empress executed her relative Adolf Friedrich as heir to the Swedish throne as Frederick I`s successor, without question of legitimate peace law. First of all, it was the view of most judges and scholars, that executive agreements, based solely on presidential power, did not become the “law of the land” under the supremacy clause, because these agreements are not “treaties” ratified by the Senate.490 However, the Supreme Court found another basis for compliance with state laws that are anticipated by executive agreements and ultimately relied upon itself on the exercise of the power of the Constitution over the power of external relations within the national government.