Us Mexico Water Agreement

Unlike the United States, where groundwater and surface water is owned by many entities (including public and local governments) and private actors (including individual and corporate landowners), water in Mexico is owned by the Mexican state. The extremely complex system of water rights and their large differences between U.S. jurisdictions create long and often difficult political complications, but they also require water decisions involving consultation and problem-solving with all stakeholders. On the Mexican side, water decision-making is defined by an institution, comisión Nacional del Agua (Conagua) – and it is highly centralized, top-down and insufficiently consultative and respectful of the interests of different interest groups.